Home fires fatalities and injuries statistics around the world is a cause for concern. Hence the need for reminders on preparations one needs to make to escape the menace of fire outbreak at home. Most people take for granted the need to be prepared for fire eventuality in the home. Critical measures and preparations that need to be made to curtail or enhance fire safety for the family are left to chance in most cases. What a mistake! What is the wise course to take?
Home Fires- 7 Quick Safety Tips for the Family
- Have smoke alarms and fire extinguishers in your home
- Be prepared, have an escape plan, practice that plan and know your home’s layout
- Take into consideration the abilities of everyone in the household
- Stay low to the ground as you crawl to exit route
- Don’t be quick to grab exit knobs- feel it first to be sure it is not hot
- Do not conceal yourself. Stay where you can be found or reached
- Have a plan if all exit routes are blocked
Preparation is key to escaping fire outbreak at home. One simple first step is to ensure that you have smoke alarms and fire extinguishers at different locations in your home. The smoke alarms will warn you immediately if there is smoke anywhere in the home. Fire extinguishers can come handy to put out the fire if it has not spread dangerously.
Do Not be Caught Unawares
Having a fire escape plan beforehand will allow you to respond quickly to a possible fire outbreak in your home. It is generally believed that you have as little as one or two minutes to escape safely from a burning home once the alarm sounds. To make it out of a house on fire, try not to panic – although this is easier said than experienced. Try to remain calm as you quickly seek out the nearest exit. Drop to the floor and stay low to the ground as much as possible to avoid smoke inhalation as you proceed to the exit. Smoke swirl usually flow well above the ground before eventually spreading everywhere. Smoke inhalation is the leading cause of death in most home fire incidence.
What other precaution can you take? Be sure to use the back of your hand to feel doorknobs before you open them and shut the door quickly if fire or smoke flows forth. If you discover that all possible exits are blocked, do what you can to let emergency responders to know your position. You could yell loudly for help. Shine a flashlight at a window if you are able to lay your hands on one. You could also waive a light-colored cloth or piece of clothing out of a window.
10 Quick facts About Home Fires
1. Every year, home fires cause around 13,000 injuries, 2,500 deaths, and nearly $7 billion in damage.
2. Nearly 60% of home fires occur because of a lack of smoke alarms or smoke alarms that don’t work.
3. Texas, Pennsylvania, and California lead the nation in number of fire deaths.
4. Space heaters and wood stoves cause eighty percent of home fire deaths .
5. Of every five home fires, two begin in the kitchen.
6. Every year, smoking materials such as cigarettes and lighters cause over $500 million in property damage.
7. Candles are said to cause around 30 home fires in all reported fire cases everyday.
8. Nearly half of home electrical fires are the result of bad electrical distribution or wrongly placed lighting equipment.
9. On average, more male injuries and deaths occur from home fires than female injuries and deaths.
10. Cooking equipment is the number-one cause of home fires.
To Prevent Home Fire Outbreak, Consider This!
Never leave heat sources such as candles, stoves, and heaters unattended. Also, don’t leave them on overnight or while you sleep.
If you must smoke, try do so outside. If you’re indoors, don’t leave smoking remains where children can access them and ensure you fully extinguish your cigarette or cigar before discarding it.
Make sure your smoke detectors work. Replace the batteries every year to keep them in top working condition.
*Additional information sources: www.nfpa.org; www.usfa.fema.gov; dfes.wa.gov.au
Written by: Bonkarah